Mauritius & Cabo Verde take top 2 slots in 2014 Ibrahim Index of African Governance
Mo Ibrahim, chairman of the Mo Ibrahim Foundation that compiles the IIAG index, unveiled the index at a press conference held at the University of London on Monday, 29 September 2014. (Image: Nazret)
Mauritius was ranked first in the Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG), released yesterday, September 29, 2014, which has been providing an annual assessment of the quality of governance in African countries since 2007.
With a score of 81.7 out of 100, Mauritius radically outpaced South Africa which appeared fourth with 73.3 points after an improvement of 0.5 points over the last 5 years, compared to the island economy which has improved by 1.3 points.
The second place was taken by Cabo Verde which notched an overall score of 76.6 points with an increase of 1.3 points over a 5-year period.
Set at the third place, Botswana scored a total of 76.2 points, rising 1.3 points; South Africa was next with 73.3 points, while Seychelles rounded up the top 5 with 73.2 points after a 2.7 point increase in five years.
According to the report, under the parameter of Safety & Rule of Law, Mauritius was ranked second after Botswana, with 84.5 and 85.3 points respectively. Mauritius lost 2.7 points during the past 5 years compared to Botswana which gained 0.7 points.
For Participation & Human Rights, Mauritius came second with 77.0 points, surpassed by Cabo Verde which scored 83.5 points. However, according to the report, Mauritius was set at a lowly 14th place on the gender front with 65.3 points, even after improving by 8.4 points during the past 5 years. Under the same category, Seychelles came first with 88.7 points while Rwanda came second with 87.6 points.
Under the Sustainable Economic Opportunity parameter, Mauritius was ranked first with 79.7 points after an improvement of 3.0 in the past five years, while South Africa came second with 71.9 points. Ranked first under the Business environment section, Mauritius scored a total of 90.4 points, outpacing Rwanda which came second with 79.1 points.
With regard to human development, Mauritius was ranked first with 85.6 points followed by Seychelles at 84.4 points. However, Mauritius could only manage sixth place for its health services with 89.8 points, compared to Libya which came first with 98.7 points and Seychelles second with 98.6 points.
“Even if the overall picture looks good, we must all remain vigilant and not get complacent,” said Mo Ibrahim, cautioning the frontrunners in the governance rankings.
Thus, even as Mauritius retains the coveted top slot, the island economy has dropped in security and legal indicators.
Besides, Botswana registered a fall in economic indicators, Cape Verde dipped on the human development front, while Seychelles and South Africa dropped in security and legal indicators.
Also, at a category level the 2014 IIAG also reveals that the main drivers of the overall positive trend in African governance have changed.
For the most recent five years, from 2009 to 2013, progress has been jointly driven by Participation & Human Rights and Human Development, whereas the main driver of gains in the previous period (2005-2009) was Sustainable Economic Opportunity, which has stalled in the most recent period.
Over the last five years, progress in the Participation & Human Rights category has gathered momentum, making it the most improved 2014 IIAG category (+2.4). While in Rights and Gender, the trends are both positive, it is in the area of Participation, particularly Political Participation, where the strongest gains in score have been achieved for this latest period.
“We must welcome the fact that 13 out of the 52 countries show wide-reaching gains, having improved in overall governance and in the political, social and economic governance dimensions over the past five years,” concluded Sudanese billionaire and philanthropist Mo Ibrahim, on a positive note.
About the Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG):
The Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG) provides an annual assessment of the quality of governance in African countries.
Established in 2006 and first published in 2007, the IIAG is the most comprehensive collection of data on African governance.
Compiled by combining over 100 variables from more than 30 independent African and global institutions, scores and ranks are available for all years from 2000, enabling the analysis of trends over time.