Mauritius ranked 1st in Africa and in top 50 globally on information technology
The World Economic Forumâ€™s Global Information Technology Report (GITR) noted that information and communication technologies (ICTs) continue to rank high on the list as one of the key sources of new opportunities for the global economy. (Image:Invest Mauritius)
Mauritius and South Africa were both ranked in the top half of the 13th edition of World Economic Forumâ€™s Global Information Technology Report (GITR) released yesterday, with Mauritius ranked first among the African countries and South Africa coming a distant third, dealt a surprise upset by dark horse Seychelles.
Mauritius was positioned 48th out of 148 countries with a score of 4.31 on a maximum of 7 points, compared to 2013 when it was ranked 55th and scored 4.12 points. On the other hand, South Africa came a distant third with its rank steady at 70th position, even as its score improved to 3.98 points compared to last yearâ€™s 3.9 points.
Seychelles, on the other hand, unseated South Africa from its position, coming second in Sub-Saharan Africa at a global rank of 66, with a score of 4.02 points, compared to last year, when it came 79th in world rankings.
Rounding up the top ten in Africa were Tunisia which was 87th globally, Cape Verde (89th), Egypt (91st), Kenya (92nd), Ghana (96th), Morroco (99th) and Botswana (103rd).
Coming to the rest of the world, Finland (1st), Singapore (2nd), Sweden (3rd), the Netherlands (4th), Norway (5th) and Switzerland (6th) all retained their positions from last year. The United States (7th), Hong Kong SAR (8th) and the Republic of Korea (10th) all climbed while the United Kingdom (9th) was the only nation in the top 10 that declined.
The BRIC countries, however, dropped in rankings with Brazil (69th), India (83rd) and China (62nd) all declining while Russia (50th) was the sole exception, climbing up 4 places. For these emerging economies, the report noted that â€śmany of the favorable conditions fueling that growth have begun to fade away; this can have consequences not only for these particular countries, butâ€”given their size and increasing importance in an interconnected worldâ€”also for the global economy.â€ť
However, countries such as the United Arab Emirates (24th), Kazakhstan (38th) or Panama (43rd), which have developed a strong vision to develop their ICT capacity, did well.
The report said that, at present, the world is slowly emerging from one of the worst financial and economic crises in decades, and policymakers, business leaders, and civil society are looking into new opportunities that can consolidate growth, generate new employment, and create business opportunities. In this context, information and communication technologies (ICTs) continue to rank high on the list as one of the key sources of new opportunities.
The report however, noted that little progress was made in bridging the digital divide between technology savvy nations and others. According to the report, the stalling of progress was worrisome for emerging and developing nations, which are at risk of missing out on many positive impacts information and communications technologies (ICT), including increased innovation, economic competitiveness and greater social inclusion.
The report noted that the benefits of ICT can only be fully derived when a country implements a holistic strategy aimed at creating conditions for skills, innovation and entrepreneurship to flourish alongside modern infrastructure.
For Sub-Saharan Africa, the report noted that the region slowly continues to develop its ICT infrastructure, with emphasis on mobile telephony and by expanding the number of Internet users, which in some countriesâ€”such as South Africaâ€”has almost doubled. These improvements have led to many important innovations that provide more and better services that were previously unavailable, such as financial services.
Notwithstanding this progress, the region overall continues to suffer from a relatively poor ICT infrastructure, which remains costly to access. More importantly, severe weaknesses persist in the regionâ€™s business and innovation ecosystems, which result in very low positive economic and social impacts.
Addressing these weaknesses, not only by developing a more solid ICT infrastructure but also by improving the framework conditions for innovation and entrepreneurship, will be crucial to avoid the emergence of a new digital divide, concludes the report.