Mauritius stuck at 4th place; continues to lag on transparency in Sub-Saharan Africa
On a global perspective though, Mauritius ranks 47th among 175 countries by scoring 54 points, gaining five places against last year’s edition in which it was ranked 52nd out of 177 countries with 52 points. (Image: cna.md)
Transparency and fairness continue to take a setback in the island economy, as Mauritius settles for fourth place and lags Botswana, Cape Verde and Seychelles in the recently released Corruption Perception Index by global transparency watchdog Transparency International.
However, the island economy continues to cling to the top 5 Sub-Saharan Africa countries with 54 points in the Corruption Perceptions Index 2014, after Botswana, Cape Verde, and Seychelles, which scored 63, 57, and 55 points respectively.
On a global perspective, Mauritius ranks 47th among 175 countries by scoring 54 points, gaining five places against last year’s edition in which it was ranked 52nd out of 177 countries with 52 points. This has allowed it to overtake Rwanda which was ranked fourth last year in Sub-Saharan Africa at 49th rank globally with 53 points but has now fallen to fifth place in Sub-Saharan Africa at 55th rank globally with 49 points.
Botswana, continues to hold top place in Sub-Saharan African, and has emerged as the most corruption free nation this year as well with a transparency score of 63 points and a rank of 31. However, this represents a deterioration over last year’s higher score of 64, which had ensured it a rank of 30 on the corruption perception index for 2013.
At second place in Sub-Saharan Africa again, Cape Verde drops to 42nd globally against its rank of 41 in 2013, and scored 57 points this year, against a better total of 58 points last year.
However, last year’s third ranked country Seychelles continues to improve as it has achieved 55 points and is ranked 43rd globally in the current report, after having being ranked 47th last year with 54 points.
Rounding up the top 10 in Sub-Saharan Africa, the island is followed by Lesotho, Namibia, Rwanda, which scored 49 points each, as well as Ghana, South Africa and Senegal, which scored 48, 44 and 43 points respectively.
The report outlined that 92% of Sub-Saharan African countries score below 50 out of 100 and the average score for the region is 33 over 100 while the global average score is 43 over 100.
In the 20th edition of the Corruption Perceptions Index, Denmark comes out on top in 2014 with a score of 92 and is followed by New Zealand with 91 points, Finland, Sweden and Norway scoring 89, 87, and 86 points respectively.
José Ugaz, Chair at the Transparency International, stated that countries at the top of the index should make sure they do not export corrupt practices to underdeveloped countries.
Besides, the report highlighted that China, Turkey and Angola were among the biggest losers with a drop of 4 or 5 points, despite an average economic growth of more than 4% over the last four years.
José Ugaz added that countries at the bottom, such as Korea and Somalia, need to adopt radical anti-corruption measures in favour of their people.
On the other hand, North Korea and Somalia share last place, scoring just eight points on the corruption index which scores countries on a scale of 0 to 100, with a higher score demonstrating lower corruption.
Based on expert opinions of public sector corruption, the Corruption Perceptions Index measures the perceived levels of public sector corruption worldwide, and it paints an alarming picture.
“The 2014 Corruption Perceptions Index shows that economic growth is undermined and efforts to stop corruption fade when leaders and high level officials abuse power to appropriate public funds for personal gain,” said José Ugaz.
Not one single country gets a perfect score and more than two-thirds score below 50, on a scale from 0 (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean).
According to the anti-corruption group Transparency International, corruption is a problem for all economies, requiring leading financial centres in the EU and US to act together with fast-growing economies to stop the corrupt from getting away with it.
Finally, the report noted that countries’ scores can be helped by open government where the public can hold leaders to account, while a poor score is a sign of prevalent bribery, lack of punishment for corruption and public institutions that don’t respond to citizens’ needs.