Mauritius tops the ranking of the Ibrahim Index of African Governance.
The Ibrahim Index of African Governance reveals that overall governance progress in Africa is stalling. However, Mauritius was the top ranking country with improved score in the Sustainable Economic Opportunity and Human Development but deterioration in Participation & Human Rights and Safety & Rule of Law.
The Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG), indicates that over the last four years, governance progress in Africa has stalled, and reveals a shifting landscape. During the period 2011-14, the African average overall governance score in the IIAG increased only slightly by +0.2 points to 50.1 (out of 100.0), with considerable changes in performance during the last four years at all levels of the Index, both at country and at category level.
The scores and trends seen in the 54 individual countries on the continent are diverse, each showing specific patterns in their own right, along a wide range of results, with more than a 70 point gap between the top ranking country, Mauritius, and the bottom ranking country, Somalia.
The 2015 IIAG results also point to a shifting landscape. Over the last four years, half of the top ten performing countries have registered a decline of their governance performance.
Meanwhile, half of the ten largest improvers over this period include countries which already rank in the upper rungs of the Index, and may well be potential powerhouses
Africa is not a country but is 54 unique countries: a range of over 70 points. Mauritius, the best governance performer on the continent, achieves a score that is over 70 points more than the continent’s weakest governance performer, Somalia. The remaining 52 countries show diverse results and differing trends.
The 2015 IIAG consists of 93 indicators which fall into four categories: Safety & Rule of Law, Participation & Human Rights, Sustainable Economic Opportunity and Human Development.
Twenty-one countries, including five of the top ten, have deteriorated in overall governance performance since 2011.
Only six countries register an improvement across each of the four categories of the IIAG: Côte d’Ivoire, Morocco, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia and Zimbabwe.
At the regional level, the continental trend in overall governance masks varying performances and a widening range between the regions. Southern Africa remains the best performing region, with an average score of 58.9, followed by West Africa (52.4), North Africa (51.2) and East Africa (44.3).
Central Africa is the lowest ranking region with an average score of 40.9, and is the only region to have deteriorated since 2011.
Mo Ibrahim, Chair of the Mo Ibrahim Foundation, says: “While Africans overall are certainly healthier and live in more democratic societies than 15 years ago, the 2015 IIAG shows that recent progress in other key areas on the continent has either stalled or reversed, and that some key countries seem to be faltering. This is a warning sign for all of us. Only shared and sustained improvements across all areas of governance will deliver the future that Africans deserve and demand.”