Mauritius unemployment rate stands at 8% in first quarter of 2014
Unemployment rate is usually higher in the first half of the year because of school leavers joining the labour market, noted Statistics Mauritius (Image: Student Think Tank)
Mauritius’ unemployment rate has been estimated by Statistics Mauritius at 8.0% for the first quarter of 2014, improving over the corresponding year-ago period, as it stood at 8.6% in the first quarter of 2013.
However, for the immediately preceding quarter, the fourth quarter of 2013, the unemployment rate stood at 7.5%, signalling a deterioration in employment levels over the first three months of 2014.
Statistics Mauritius published on Thursday, June 26, 2014 the labour force, employment and unemployment statistics for the first quarter of 2014 based on the results of the Continuous Multi-Purpose Household Survey (CMPHS) from January to March 2014.
The island economy’s labour force rose by 1.12% to 568,500 in the first quarter of 2014, with the break-up between the employed and the unemployed working out at 523,200 people with jobs (an increase of 1.81% over the year-ago period) and a decrease of 6.21% to 45,300 in the ranks of the jobless.
For the first quarter of 2014, Mauritius’ employed consisted of 330,500 males and 192,700 females, with the statistics showing that there has been an increase of 5,900 in male employment and a 3,400 increase in female employment over the first quarter of 2013.
The number of unemployed in Mauritius for the first quarter 2014 is estimated at 45,300 against 48,300 in the first quarter of 2013, thus representing a decrease of 3,000 of which there are 900 males and 2,100 females.
“Unemployment rate is usually higher in the first half of the year because of school leavers joining the labour market, and lower in the second half with more casual jobs being available mainly in the trade sector (street vendors, salespersons in shops, etc.) at the end of the year,” Statistics Mauritius noted.
Hence, in order to observe the real trend over time, adjustments have to be made for seasonal fluctuations.
Accordingly, the seasonally adjusted unemployment rate for the first quarter of 2014 was 7.4%, lower than the rate of 8.0% for first quarter of 2013, and lower than the rate of 8.3% for the fourth quarter of 2013.
The 45,300 unemployed people consisted of 19,400 males and 25,900 females, and approximately 41% of the unemployed people were aged below 25 years.
Statistics Mauritius noted that about 54% of the unemployed were single; the gender-wise break up showed that the majority of 70% males were single while among females, 50% were ever married.
Moreover, some 16% of unemployed people did not have the Certificate of Primary Education (CPE) and a further 27% did not reach the Cambridge School Certificate (SC) level.
Also, as many as 10,100 unemployed had been looking for work for more than one year while 13,200 were looking for a first job.
The inactive population, referring to the number of persons aged 16 years and over not forming part of the labour force, was made up of 117,700 males and 270,700 females.
Among inactive males, around 46% were ‘retired or old persons’ and 31% were students. Among females, 58% were homemakers; 17% were ‘retired or old persons’ and 16% were students.
Those employed in Mauritius are forecast to increase by 1.05% to 531,200 in 2014 from 525,700 in 2013 while unemployment rate for the year 2014 is anticipated to remain unchanged as in 2013 at 8.0%.