Sub-Saharan Africa has 6 nations in 10 most corrupt countries
Sub-Saharan Africa is host to 28 of the 70 ‘extreme risk’ countries including six of the 10 worst performers on the Corruption Risk Index (CRI). (Image: freespeechdebate.com)
Corruption remains a grave problem in sub-Saharan Africa. The region is host to 28 of the 70 ‘extreme risk’ countries including six of the 10 worst performers on the Corruption Risk Index (CRI). Compiled by global risk analytics company Maplecroft, the CRI ranks DR Congo, Somalia, Myanmar, Sudan, Zimbabwe, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea, North Korea, Cambodia and Venezuela as the 10 most corrupt countries in the world.
To make clear the impact of corruption on the economic framework of a nation, the World Economic Forum estimates that corruption adds up to 10% to the total cost of doing business globally and up to 25% to the cost of procurement contracts in developing countries.
Sub-Saharan Africa’s corruption woes arise largely on the back of the continued weakness of the government, poorly defined regulatory systems, and a dearth of capable civil servants. A crony culture has also led to lack of transparency and resulted in unqualified people holding key positions. In the absence of serious advances in democratic governance, probability of an improvement looks remote for a majority of the region’s nations.
However, while most Sub-Saharan African nations reel under corruption, they can take a leaf out of the book of Mozambique, Senegal and Burkina Faso which feature among the most improved countries globally in the CRI.
Mozambique has witnessed the most improvement out of the 197 countries rated in the CRI following the passage of the country’s new anti-corruption law in 2012 and subsequent convictions. The country moved from 51st and ‘extreme risk’ to 71st and ‘high risk’ over the last year. It may be noted that a higher rank on the CRI means a lower level of corruption.
Other notable good performers include Senegal which rose from 34th to 48th in the index, due to the devotion of greater resources to tackling corruption by President Macky Sall; as well as Burkina Faso (54th) which moved 14 places up the index.
Botswana (154th) remains the African economy with the strongest governance, a decisive factor in the more equitable contribution of mineral wealth to development than has been witnessed in other parts of the continent.
The Corruption Risk Index (CRI) evaluates 197 countries on the reported prevalence and persistence of corruption in the public and private sectors, as well as the efficiency of governments in tackling the issue. It has been developed to enable companies to identify the countries where the risk of association with corruption is highest.